Know the main complications related to different anatomical segments, from cervical spine to sacrum;
Be aware of the most frequent complications specific for different approaches, from anterior to lateral and posterior, classic open or minimally invasive;
Recognize situations of increased risk, for osteoporotic patients, neuromuscular patients, multi-operated patients ;
Correctly use imaging and diagnostic tests to identify and manage postoperative complications;
Build a solid, thorough knowledge in order to minimize postoperative complications in daily surgical practice.