Know the main steps in the history of spinal disorders;
Understand principles of spinal biomechanics and biomechanics of spinal instrumentation;
Know the concepts of cell biology in spine, and the biology of spinal fusion;
Understand spinal balance and dys-balance;
Have an overview about the epidemiology of spinal disorders, predictors of treatment outcomes and the function of spine registries;
Know the principles of pre-operative assessment of a patient, including spinal imaging and neurological investigations;
Understand the concepts of anaesthesiological management of a spine patient before, during and after surgery.