Coverage Recommendations

Based on increasing demand and requests from interested parties, NASS is now offering this valuable resource in a user-friendly individual chapter format! NASS Coverage Recommendations are offered at no cost to NASS members and payors and for $395 per chapter for non-members.


As part of its mission to foster the highest quality, evidence-based and ethical spine care, NASS continues to develop credible and reasonable coverage recommendations to assist payors, providers, and patients in defining appropriate and fair coverage decisions. NASS evidence-based coverage recommendations are developed to advocate for NASS’ positions on various clinical and practice issues to ensure continued provision of quality spine care.


To develop these first-of-their kind coverage recommendations, NASS’ multi-disciplinary team of spine specialists systematically reviews available scientific literature. Searches are limited to systematic reviews, meta-analyses, clinical guidelines, and most importantly, randomized controlled trials. Using an evidence-based approach when possible, the team works together to develop the recommendations. In the absence of high-level data, NASS coverage recommendations reflect the multi-specialty experience and expertise of the committee members in order to present reasonable standard practice indications in the United States. Click here to access NASS’ Coverage Recommendations Methodology!

Current Coverage Policy Recommendations

Topics Last Publication Date
Cervical Epidural Injections & Diagnostic Spinal Nerve Blocks May 2014 $395.00
Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement November 2015 $395.00
Cervical Fusion July 2015 $395.00
Cervical Laminoplasty July 2014 $395.00
Coccygectomy October 2016 $395.00
DNA-Based Scoliosis Test October 2016 $395.00
Electrical Stimulation for Bone Healing October 2016 $395.00
Endoscopic Discetomy May 2014 $395.00
Facet Joint Interventions October 2016 $395.00
Interspinous Device Without Fusion May 2014 $395.00
Interspinous Fixation with Fusion May 2014 $395.00
Laser Spine Surgery May 2014 $395.00
Lumbar Artificial Disc Replacement May 2014 $395.00
Lumbar Discetomy May 2014 $395.00
Lumbar Epidural Injections May 2014 $395.00
Lumbar Fusion May 2014 $395.00
Lumbar Laminectomy October 2014 $395.00
Lumbar Laminotomy May 2014 $395.00
Percutaneous Sacroiliac Joint Fusion June 2015 $395.00
Percutaneous Thoracolumbar Stabilization May 2014 $395.00
Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein (rhBMP-2) May 2014 $395.00
Sacroiliac Joint Injections November 2015 $395.00

Soon-to-be Published Topics

  • Pain pumps
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation

Future Coverage Policy Recommendations

  • Advanced imaging
  • Allograft derivatives
  • Cell-based bone grafts
  • Cervical laminectomy
  • Discography
  • Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring
  • Kyphoplasty, vertebroplasty, sacroplasty
  • Physical therapy
  • Percutaneous lumbar fusion
  • Percutaneous discectomy
  • Other percutaneous decompression procedures
  • Sacroiliac radiofrequency ablation
  • Synthetics
  • Spine radiosurgery
  • TENS and other electrical stimulation for back pain
  • Thoracic and thoracolumbar fusion


NASS Coverage Recommendations Disclaimers:

  • The North American Spine Society Coverage Recommendations are developed to assist payers, providers and patients in determining whether medical services and procedures should be covered for payment based on review of the best available clinical evidence and the expert opinion of committee members.​
  • NASS coverage recommendations are reviewed and updated periodically and are therefore subject to change.
  • These materials may not be modified in any way without the express permission of NASS. If materials are reproduced, transmitted, distributed or duplicated in anyway, the materials must be reproduced, transmitted, distributed or duplicated in their entirety.

Translation Disclaimer:

  • Coverage recommendations may be reprinted and translated with the permission of NASS. NASS does not verify, certify and is not responsible for the accuracy of any translations, and has advised any parties translating the NASS coverage recommendations to carefully verify the accuracy of their translations prior to publication and dissemination.
  • In addition, NASS asks that any prospective translator complete the coverage recommendations translation record​ and send a copy to NASS to keep on file so that NASS may track all translations, appropriately direct individuals to translations of interest and notify translators of content updates and revisions.


Comments regarding the coverage recommendations may be submitted to the North American Spine Society and will be considered in development of future revisions of the work.