Compendium of Outcomes Instruments for Assessment and Research of Spinal Disorders

This Compendium provides a succinct overview of the most commonly used and emerging instruments in spine and provides some insight into the rapidly developing arena of technology-based functional outcome assessments. The use of outcome instruments are the basis of the evidence-based medicine and cost-effectiveness/value analyses.

Levels of Evidence

For Primary Research Question1

As Adopted by the North American Spine Society January 2005*

Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology